Namib Desert – the secret of the ancient African desert that no one has ever known
Some people believe that they are the image of the gods, while others think that there are fairy dances, but there are others who think that there are flying discs.
But to date, no one has been able to explain the elliptical shapes of millions of spheres made over the Namib Desert.
The Namib Desert, located on the Atlantic coast in southwestern Africa, is one of the driest places on the planet. In vernacular, it means “the area where there is nothing”.
The sand dunes in this region resembling the surface of the planet Mars are rugged and rugged mountains.
This vast area of 81,000 km² of three countries shows a vast field of pebbles and sand.
1.5 million years old, this desert is considered the oldest desert in the world.
In comparison, the Sahara Desert is only 20 to 70 million years old.
The temperature here reaches 45 degrees Celsius in summer and the nights are cold enough to freeze.
It is one of the most inaccessible regions on earth in terms of population.
However, many tribes have made it their home.
In the process, strange landscapes were created, which surprised the experts.
The Namib Desert stretches from southern Angola to Namibia, then over 2,000 km to northern Africa.
It meets the sea dramatically on Namibia’s long Atlantic coast. It seems that an endless sea of sand stretches eastward, reaching slopes 160 km wide in South Africa.
In the drier parts of Namibia, on average, it receives only two mm of rainfall per year. There are many years when it doesn’t rain at all.
The sand dunes of this region resembling the surface of the planet Mars, are rugged mountains
Nevertheless, oryxes, springboks (two types of deer), leopards, lizards, ostriches and zebras have adapted to the harsh conditions here.
Ostriches raise their body temperature to reduce wasting water. Hartmann’s Mountain Zebras are very intelligent climbers who have learned to position themselves in the rugged desert terrain.
Oryx can survive for weeks without eating only the roots and sugar of the plants.
Namib’s most dangerous area is filled with sand dunes and rusty debris from broken ships.
Spread over 500 km along the Atlantic coast, this area is known as the Skeleton Coast.
Stretching from southern Angola to central Namibia, the area is filled with numerous whales and the debris of nearly a thousand ships that have gathered there for centuries.
This caged beach is often covered with thick fog, formed by cold Atlantic winds and hot desert winds.
It is difficult for ships to pass through this fog. Local San tribes say God was all the rage in the area.
In 1486, Portugal’s first ship, Diego Cao, spent some time on the coast of Panjar, on the west coast of Africa.
Cao and the people there made the cross there, but under difficult conditions, they could not stay for long.
Along the way, they named the place ‘Gates of Hell’.
Tourists come to see the dark brown dunes that surround Sousse Ville.
The Salt and Mud Zone is one of Africa’s third largest national parks, spanning over 50,000 square kilometers.
Mounds of sand are everywhere in Namib, but their color turns dark orange near Sousse Ville.
This color is actually rusty. The amount of iron in the sand here is very high, which makes it rusty.
Some of the sand dunes here are the tallest in the world. Some dunes reach up to 200 meters high. A mound north of Sousse Ville is about 400 meters high.
One of the amazing Namib puzzles is the first piece of land known as ‘fairy circles’.
There are no plants in circles or circles surrounded by grasses of a particular species.
There are millions of such circles or spheres across Namibia that have amazed experts for decades.
Circular spots on the sand
Looking at these circles from the sky, they look very nice.
These circles can be seen all over the endless Namib Desert, which sometimes look like smallpox spots. These circles are also found on gravel plains and sand dunes. Their shapes are round everywhere. The circles found in Australia are similar to those in Namibia, but the soil structure is different in the two places. This surprised scientists even more.
Footsteps of the gods
Experts are still shocked and overwhelmed by the fairy circles puzzle solving, but Namibian locals were already familiar with these shapes.
The Hamba natives believe it was created by spirits and is the image of their god Makuro.
To solve the mystery of these patterns, a few mathematicians have tried to understand if these circles form a particular pattern.
The truth is ahead
To date, there has not been a general theory of the description of these constituencies that is acceptable to all.
Some research suggests that these circles are caused by termites that continue to search the soil for water and nutrients.
By nourishing the roots of the plant, they create an empty space under the soil, which makes it easier for rainwater to reach the soil.
The writer is a freelance writer and a graduate of the University of the Punjab. She works at the Federal Board of Revenue and can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org