The Great Green Wall: an epic plan to contain the desert across Africa
Keep it personal
Each country in the Sahel is different, and so are the reasons for land degradation. A key aspect of the Great Green Wall initiative is its localized approach, where participating countries approach the problem using local contexts. Given the nature of the problem and the needs of the population, countries may choose to focus on agroforestry, reforestation, irrigation systems or even fixing sand dunes with native vegetation.
Their efforts are already starting to bear fruit. A report released in 2020 shows that around 20 million hectares of land have been restored so far. In Senegal, 11 million trees have been planted, while in Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Nigeria and Ethiopia, more than 540,000 hectares of land have been reforested, creating more than 280,000 jobs.
Nature Mauritania (BirdLife Partner) is leading a habitat restoration program in partnership with the National Agency of the Great Green Wall and supported by Vogelbescherming (BirdLife in the Netherlands). So far 10,000 plants of various local species, including Acacia Senegal, Umbrella Thorn and Indian Jujube, have been cultivated. The seedlings, supported by 20,000 others from Nature Mauritania’s nursery, have made a significant contribution to reforesting degraded land around Lac MÃ¢le – a crucial site for fishing and farming communities, as well as an important area for birds. and biodiversity. In addition, local communities benefit from various livelihood programs, including poultry farming and market gardening.
âThese restoration efforts are a testament to the fact that ordinary people with conviction can have an extraordinary impact on their world,â said Djibril Diallo, Executive Director of Nature Mauritania.