World heritage engulfed by Sahara desert sand in global warming
Sea level rise
A threat also comes from the sea.
Egypt, which will host the United Nations Conference on Climate Change (COP27) in November, is trying to fight against erosion which is getting stronger every year.
According to Egypt’s Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation, sea levels rose an average of 1.8 millimeters per year in the early 1990s on the Mediterranean side, but over the past decade it has risen 3.2 millimeters per year.
An area of about 2,660 square kilometers, slightly larger than Kanagawa Prefecture, is expected to be flooded in 2100, causing damage to 5.7 million people.
In Alexandria, northern Egypt, shops have been flooded along the waterfront and construction of barriers is underway in areas such as around Qaitbay Fort, a famous tourist attraction.
Abbas Sharaqqy, a professor at Cairo University and an expert on climate change issues, said it was important for major world powers to take the lead in reducing the use of fossil fuels and stopping global warming.
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